bit of a delayed response, but . . .
didn't dean ornish demonstrate 25 years ago that a seriously low fat diet (10%) could actually reverse coronary artery disease?
two caveats, as i recall:
(1) the "diet" also required regular moderate exercise, meditation, and group therapy. so the behavioral component was an essential element.
(2) because of the strictness of the diet and the rigorous nature of the "prescription," the number of people who have followed and stuck to his routine is small.
this was a mildly interesting take on diet: Why the science of healthy eating appears confusing—but isn’t
The practically important findings were that the healthiest people in the world had diets that are full of fruits, beans, seeds, vegetables, and whole grains, and low in refined carbohydrates and sugar.
one highlight, perhaps:
eating raw vegetables was more strongly linked to a lower risk of death (during the study) compared to cooked vegetable intake.
https://www.theatlantic.com/health/arch ... th/538428/
The study that congratulates high intake of fruit and vegetables:
http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lance ... lsca1=tlpr
The abstract (excerpt):
Higher total fruit, vegetable, and legume intake was inversely associated with major cardiovascular disease, myocardial infarction, cardiovascular mortality, non-cardiovascular mortality, and total mortality in the models adjusted for age, sex, and centre (random effect). The estimates were substantially attenuated in the multivariable adjusted models for major cardiovascular disease (hazard ratio [HR] 0·90, 95% CI 0·74–1·10, ptrend=0·1301), myocardial infarction (0·99, 0·74–1·31; ptrend=0·2033), stroke (0·92, 0·67–1·25; ptrend=0·7092), cardiovascular mortality (0·73, 0·53–1·02; ptrend=0·0568), non-cardiovascular mortality (0·84, 0·68–1·04; ptrend =0·0038), and total mortality (0·81, 0·68–0·96; ptrend<0·0001). The HR for total mortality was lowest for three to four servings per day (0·78, 95% CI 0·69–0·88) compared with the reference group, with no further apparent decrease in HR with higher consumption.
It's not that I am against fruits and vegetables, raw or cooked. It's just this particular study doesn't say that. You would expect someone considering himself a "health journalist" understand basic stats, but what can you do...